This article was written in 1984 for the BQs Annual, its purpose was to give a general picture of the background on bloodlines appearing in the Scandinavian Borzois today (1983). It is written in a rather subjective manner, as I, no doubt, have developed strong feelings and preferences during my time with Borzoi/Dan Persson.
To understand the situation today, one has to remember that World-War II created a special situation in most European countries. Norway, Denmark and Finland were all heavily involved, which made their breeding activities stop for a while. Sweden was lucky enough to stay out of the war and is thereby doubtless the most interesting country in this corner of the world, having preserved and developed a line founded in 1910-20.
The modern Borzoi history of Sweden, oddly enough, starts in Norway with two English imports from the Ramsden kennel. A male, Ramsden Reindeer and a bitch, Ramsden Romance (out of the famous Miss Piostri) were imported by the Knudtzon family, kennel af Ulleberg (Below left Ms Marie Knudtzon with Reindeer & Romance)These two closely related Ramsden dogs were bred, and this produced among them a bitch that moved to Sweden. Her name was Ch. Vanja af Ulleberg and here she was bred to a German import, Schadow-Ozaroff, who had a Russian father, Sebesz, bred by Baron Korff. Two of the pups from this combination continued the history.
At this time, 1919, two years after the Russian Revolution,two Borzois from Russia were registered in the books of the Swedish Kennel Club. Two littermates, a black/white male Naletai and a bitch, Tjaijka, white with grey spots, both purchased by a Swedish military, doing business in Russia during the revolution years.
Ch Naletai was said to have won four gold medals in Moscow before the revolution and he was bred to Vanja Romanowsky (Schadow-Ozaroff x Vanja af Ulleberg) and Tjaijka in her turn was bred to a litter brother, Boris Romanowsky. These two identical combinations lay the foundation of the swedish line.
Two bitches, one from each litter, Militza Godonoff and Zowja Nikolaewitch, carried on the line. Both were bred to the all white German import, Ch. Eros Hassia. From the combination of Eros x Militza, two littermates, Ch. Cyrano and Tatjana were bred to each other and this produced the leading Swedish Borzoi in the thirties, Ch. Tarzan of Brasta. A bitch from the combination Eros x Zowja was bred to a son of Militza Godonoff x Dimitri Tsarewitch; Dimitri is a full brother to Zowja. This very qualified inbreeding continued one more generation, and the breeding Ch. Tally-Ho Tsarevna x Tjajka Tsarevna II produced a bitch named Zaba.
At the same time two imports have arrived in Denmark, Int. Ch. Wladislaw Monasterium and Lava of Addlestone and intensive linebreeding is done on these two. Wladislaw, in his background through de Zwaenhoek and Ural, leads back to Asmodei and Pititschka Perchino, just as Eros Hassia. A male, Bjornehogs Tsarewitch, from the linebreeding on Wladislaw x Lava comes to Sweden. A German bitch, Knjaschna Wergei was also imported. Her grandfather was Wladislaw Monasterium, who had sired a litter at the famous Wergei kennel before going to Denmark. The German Wergei kennel was situated in what later became East Germany, and as part of the east block, the Wergei kennel became quite important to Borzoi breeding in the Soviet Union This would prove valuable in future.breeding
There are now four Borzoi, on one hand, Ch. Tarzan af Bråsta and the bitch Zaba, both very heavily inbred on Ch. Eros Hassia and the Russian-Ramsden combination. On the other hand, we have Bjornehogs Tsarewitch and Knachna Wergei, both with much the same German background plus a nip of English through Lava of Addlestone. Tarzan of Bråsta is bred to Knjaschna Wergei and Bjornehogs Tsarewitch is bred to Zaba.
These four Borzois became grandparents of a white/black bitch named Bonnens Roity. (Pictured below two littermates of Roity)
Roity became the foundation in Mrs. Hallqvists Ekhaga kennel in 1949. She was bred to Heimerbergs Tsarewitch, also linebred on Wladislaw. The next breeding on Ekhaga is the brother-sister mating, Ch. Ekhaga Petrow x Ch. Ekhaga Czarina.
Until this time, beginning of the fifties, it's important to know that no breeder had put her or his stamp on the breed so to speak. None of the breedings,in the pedigree of Bonnens Roity are done by the same breeeder
I have a theory of mine, reinforced by old pictures, that this, together with the intensive inbreeding on the early imports, is why the Borzoi in Sweden tend to be of an ancient type.
The breeding of Petrow x Czarina even more concentrated the lines. From this combination comes two very important bitches, Ekhaga Roity, who remained in the kennel, and Ekhaga Kismeth Dascenkea, foundation bitch In the Tichij Don kennel.
Ekhaga Roity was bred to Ch. Odessas Boris, whose mother, Ch. Zinja, carries the Swedish line, while his father is the English import, Ch. Achilles of Woodcourt. This breeding was extremely successful, five became champions. Two of them remained at Ekhaga, Ch. Ekhaga Rimski and Ch.EkhagaGaselle,both becoming very important. Rimski was bred to the English import, Ch. Sadia of Whitelilies, who besides her English line also through Kismet von Bergland, went back on the same old German lines as the early influences on Swedish Borzoi.
This breeding was first done in the Borelands kennel, who had imported Sadia. She was later sold to Ekhaga and the breeding was repeated.
One of the males from the first litter, Borelands Petrov, was bred to Ch. Ekhaga Gaselle. This combination produced six champions in two different litters. The only part of history the four champions of the first litter played was that one, Ch Ekhaga Carmen, became my very first Borzoi and as such affected my view on Borzoi.
The two Ch.s from the other litter, Ch. Ekhaga Gorkij and Int. Ch. Ekhaga Nikolaus take a more direct part of history. Gorkij as father of Mirioschka (foundation for Northland Hounds in Swiss) and Ch Tatijana (foundation for Yermoloff's) Nikolaus (owned by Monika Wall kennel Tzar) is even more influential, behind among else Leicro and several breedings in Finland,
In 1969 Ekhaga stopped breeding after twenty years of consistently producing champions of mental and physical excellence.
This was in the early sixties, the time when the Igorof kennel starts with two imported Borzois. The male Frimodts Frappant is bred in Norway but with Swedish parents. His father is Int. Tichij Don Igor, out of Ekhaga Kismet Dascenca x Csarewitch v d Solitude, a German male, imported by the Swedish Odessa kennel. Odessas imported (and exported) Borzois from and to the continent and bred in a very low scale.(Will try to come back to Odessa in a separate article) This tradition is later carried on by the Votjaks kennel. Frappant's mother is Borelands Carissima out of Ch. Odessas Boris x Ch. Sadia of Whitelilies. Igorof's other import is English, Chinnor Kerstin, Frappant was a very successful show dog and produced a number of champions together with Chinnor Kerstin, and this breeding becomes an important part of the modern Swedish Borzoi although the Igorof kennel itself never follows up its immediate success.
The beginning of the seventies started a lot of breeders. The first to be mentioned should be Olagus owned by Bea Jahrl. She imported two Borzois, Ch Zoltan Springinsfeld and Falconcrag Anna as foundation. Kennel Votjaks, who worked with simular lines, bred the Top Borzoi 1971, Ch. Votjaks Majkop. Votjaks kept a very low profile in breeding, just enough to keep its line to continue.
1970s started the next kennel of importance, DonCosacken, which had tremendous success with mixing Ekhaga-Igorof blood. This resulted among others in the outstanding two half brothers, Int. Ch. DonCosackens Artjenko and Int. Ch. DonCosackens Czardas.
Artjenko was the Top Borzoi in Sweden 1972-75 and Czardas was four times BOB at the Borzoi Club's Annual Specialty, both records that will be hard to beat. DonCosacken dominated the show scene in Sweden the first five years of the seventies.
During this period a large number of English Borzoi were imported to Sweden, some very good, some less good. The most succeesful, no doubt, was Bacaret Dark Elegance imported by Tzars kennel, who had earlier worked with both Swedish and English blood, but now concentrated on the English. "Ellie" was Top Borzoi in 1976 and was bred to English imports, Zomahli Ladno and Racingold Yakov. One in the last litter was exported to Galina Zotova in Moscow but hasn't been used in breeding there, and the line also seemed to vanish in Sweden.
Another English import of importance was Ch. Rodgivad Cabellero who sired some very good litters, both at his owners Bolsjeviken and especially worth mentioning, the K-litter at DonCosacken
One more high class English import was GB Ch Falconcrag Esmerarna, imported by Murugi kennel, in 1972.
Top Borzoi of the country in 1977 was the all-white Ch Podjajka, owned and co-bred by the Murugi kennels, who also had imported this year's BOB at the Specialty, a Norwegian bitch, Ch. Marsja, out of English-Swedish lines. The Murugi kennels started with an Ekhaga bitch, and have later added several English and U.S. imports to their kennel.
The Leicro kennel started in 1972 with Ch. Ninotcka out of Int. Ch. Ekhaga Nikolaus x Reyas Rudbeckia. She gave an excellent litter with the Finnish Ch. Daragoj Wascha; from this litter was Ch. Leicros Zandor, BOB at the '75 specialty and later exported to the U.S.
1973 the Leicros brought V'Indras Vanity from the U.S. She was in whelp with Nikolia of Obskaya and gave birth to eight pups in quarantine. Vanity herself became Int. Ch. and one of the pups from Nikolia, Int. Ch. Leicros Z'plendid Copy did very well in the show ring,and became the Top Borzoi in the country in '78; he also sired a large number of litters. His daughter, Leicros Russian Zilverina was BOB at the National Specialty in 1979. In 1982 Ch. Leicros R Zadhel was the Top Borzoi in Sweden, he was also BOB at the 1981 Specialty.
1979 year also meant a break through for Majorows kennel and their young male, Int. Ch. Majorows Charlamow, behind him Ch El Khyrias Vaskrenja, (several BOS at the Speciality linebred on Ekhaga) and Igorof lines through DonCosacken. Charlamow became the nation's No. 1 Borzoi for three years, 1979-81, and tops his career with a BOB at the Specialty in 1980. The Majorow kennels had continued success with pups out of Charlamow and their Dutch import, Vorenoff Pushinka, who is from continental-English-Russian lines.
The Tovarisjtj's kennel was successful for some years with breeding light-colored, type consistent Borzoi and really topped in 1983 with the bitch Ch. Tovarisjtj's Mazeppa as No. 1 and her son, Ch. Tovarisjtj's Jewel as No 2. Jewel later continued his succees as a Top-Siring studdog
The Yermoloff kennel founded its breeding on Ch. Tatijana, out of Ch. Ekhaga Gorkij x Ekhaga Kalinka, and the kennel has since its start tried to keep the Ekhaga type and line as pure as possible.
Ch Yermoloff Kretchet, BOB at the Specialty in 1982 and 1983 (judges Aatis Lillstroem & Pat Barham), is the result of linebreeding back to Ch. Ekhaga Gaselle and Rimski. Yermoloffs imported a Borzoi male from Moscow, Slavny Alexej Jermolov,, whose lines through the East German Wergei/Silberhof, go back to the same German lines as Wladislaw Monasterium and Knjaschna Wergei.
I have no records of the very early Borzoi breeding in Denmark, but as the ruling classes in Denmark and Russia had close connections, one would not be surprised if Borzois were introduced quite early by the Royalties in to the finer Houses of Copenhagen.
The first trace of Borzois in the Danish Studbook are two German imports, made just before the turn of the century,it’s a male Kidai and a bitch Mylaschka (Tartar-Mylaschka Möckel), that arrived to Denmark These two were bred, but with only one registered offspring, Russ, born 1899. As The Danish studbook is not complete, its impossible to trace any further activity
What is better known is that Denmark in the 1930s, as already mentioned, played a large role in early Swedish Borzoi. The art dealer Svend V Hansen in Copenhagen imported both Ch. Wladislaw Monasterium and Lava of Addlestone to Denmark and linebred intensively on these two.This is quite obvious in the pedigrees of the Danish exports to the U.S. in the forties, Ch. Gandil and Ch. Midtfyns Boja. Boja is apparent in a lot of U.S. Borzoi.
There was also a bitch,from England, Mitzi of Pyenot, in whelp to Eros of Pyenot, imported by Mr Alfred Brunsö, kennel Helmarhöjs. A puppy from this litter, Helmarhojs Pavlova of Eros, is still to be found in the "swedish line". Mr Brunsö also imported the bitch Hrabraya of Addlestone, and had one litter from her.
Edith Prahl, kennel Finis, took over some of Svend Hansens breedings and had at least four litters between 1938-1942, based on Wladislaw Monasteriums lines. One bitch, Ch Finis Kickan were exported to Sweden.
After World War II, the Borzoi played a rather concealed role in Denmark. The sixties saw some English Matalona and Reyas stock arrive, but no organized breeding was started until the last years of the 1960s.
Quarantine makes it difficult importing anything but English dogs to Sweden, Norway and Finland but Denmark hasn't this problem. Though Denmark is very close to Germany, Holland and Belgium, it's not these lines that dominate in Denmark today.
Kennel Vangsborg started in the late1960s with Reyas-Olagus lines and bred at least two litters and one from the last, Vangsborgs Varinka, went to Eva Lundum, whose Smirnoff kennel also added the male, Ch. Bjerglunds Sagar out of English/Swedish lines. Kennel Smirnoff later added Russian blood through the bitches Ludmila, Lara and Fedra Utan Ude, born in Poland and just recently (1983) they have had a young male from the U.S., Ridgeside High Country.
Top Borzois in Denmark in 1983 were two litter brothers, Ch. Mirni, owned by the Barnekow kennel and Ch. Stiva, owned by Smirnoff. They were out of Ch. Bjerglunds Sagar and the Moscow import Lara. The Barnekow kennels also owned a Russian import, Ch. Aksai who had a French father and an English/Russian mother ... a truly international Borzoi.
In 1910 The Knudtzon Family in Norway imported two Borzois from the well known Ramsden kennel in England. This was the start in Borzois, for their kennel Af Ulleberg.
It was a male, Ramsden Reindeer, and a bitch, Ch Ramsden Romance. The two were bred and had the first Borzoi litter at "Ulleberg". It was the daughter, Marie Knudtzon, that was the driving force and she promoted her Borzois all over Scandinavia. With the start of World War I , she did however part with her Borzois and instead took a fancy in Whippets and Miniature Breeds.
Both Ramsden Romance and her daughter Vanja af Ulleberg, sired by Reindeer, were sold to Sweden, and took their part of History here. However, Marie Knudtzon became a very popular judge of Borzois, and as such influenced the breed in all Scandinavian Countries.
The Frimodts kennel started very early with an import from Denmark, Finis Nacha Brusilovice, already in 1938, but hasn't done any continuous breeding. They had a litter in 1961 out of Borelands Carissima mated to Ch. Ekhaga Nikolaj, who was a litter brother to Rimski and Gaselle. This breeding gave the excellent black/white Ch. Frimodts Sarasch.
The next breeding of Carissima was the earlier mentioned Borelands Carissima to Int. Ch. Tichij Don Igor and from this breeding came the outstanding Int. Ch. Frimodts Frappant, nicknamed "Frippe", father of all the successful Igorof Borzoi.
Frimodts Frappant sired many litters both in Sweden, Finland and Norway and his influence on Scandinavian Borzois was remarkable.
His blood was also apparent many times in last year's dominating Norwegian Borzoi, Ch. Al Wintar's Mirjoz Vlademir, who is from 3/4 Finnish and 1/4 Norwegian breeding.
For the moment (1983) the most successful showdogs in Norway are imported, those being:
Int. Ch. DonKosackens Creol and Invibes BeZmart from Sweden, Int. Ch. Kaznan Farina and Int. Ch. Kazan Dufjek from Finland and the U.S. import, Ch. Danubias Alexander Marmic.
The leading kennels in Norway today (1983) are Al Wintars and Sirioschkas, both starting with the same Finnish bloodlines and then going off in different directions. Al Wlntars added English and Swedish blood to its original Finnish lines. Sirioschka imported and breed to swedish Leicro stock, carrying mostly American lines.
Finland's Borzoi history started in 1892, when the chairman of the Finnish Kennel Club imported a bitch, Lastotschka, deriving from The Tsars Gatchina kennel. One J R Johansson imported and breed Borzois in Helsinkii early 1900s.
During the years several Borzoi were imported from the Soviet. In the thirties, a dog and a bitch, Uslad and Jorza, were imported and bred two litters in 1933 and 1934. Also a German bitch, Felizia von Nordseestrand, gave birth to some litters in the Rednalo kennel, but the breed disappeared in Finland during World War II.
In 1946, "av Moccambo" kennel owner E Eskola imported three Borzoi from Sweden, Ch. Bonnens Fedja plus a son of hers, Bojar, and a bitch named Kicki. Also a bitch from Norway, Ditte. Ch. Bojar and Ch. Kicki gained their titles in Finland and were bred, this producing two champions, Gisela and Maritsa. Unfortunately, the Eskolas stopped breeding after this.
The modern Finnish Borzoi decends from Soviet, German, Swiss and Swedish lines. In 1961, "Finlands Hunting and Fishing Society" imported a male and a bitch, Udolai and Raketa, who had a litter in 1962. They also imported another bitch, Metschta, who had two litters with Udolai in '64 and '65.
Worth to mention here is the President of Finland Urho Kekkonen, a man that was highly regarded both in Finland and in the USSR. He was given several Borzois from Russia , most known is perhaps Ch Leo, appearing in pedigrees both in Finland and England (Immerwach Nadja of Bacaret)
1961 started the Vasaravuoren kennel with a German bitch, Galjuschka von Karagunda who in 1962 had a litter with Ch. Udaloi. The same year, Vasaravuoren imported the Swiss bitch, Iaga de Norois, who had three litters with Vasaravuoren Argo (Udaloi x Galjuschka). In 1963 Ivanna De Norois arrived at Vasaravuoren. She was bred to Vasaravuore Castro (Argo x Iaga). Iaga and Ivanna had an American father, Int. Ch. Alexis of Swanlake (Malora lines), and a Swiss mother, Assunta is Slonowaja.
The breeding of Vasaravuoren Castro and Ivanna produced, among others, Int. Ch. Vasaravuoren Emira, the foundation bitch for the Korotai Krasivy kennel. Emira was bred to Int. Ch. Ekhaga Nikolaus and this produced Scan. Ch. Korotai Krasivy Aleksei, an important stud in Sweden, and also Korotai Krasivya Antoniina, first owned by Falconcrag in England and later by Margaret Davis, of Russkimir, Australia.
The Golden West kennel started with Vasaravuoren Felicita bred first to Int. Ch. Igorof larnac, and later to his father, Int. Ch. Frimodts Frappant. The Metsänreunan kennel mixed Vasaravuoren with Swedish Ekhaga and produced the very influential sire, Int. Ch. Metsanreunan Amor. Other kennels working with a mixture of Vasaravuoren/Swedish lines at this time - the early seventies - were Daragoj and Bolshoi, but both stopped breeding rather suddenly.
The Polongain kennel is still very active. They started with a bitch named Amu Darjan Darja (Ekhaga Nikolaus x Vasaravuoren Fleurette) and bred her to the Dutch import, O'Klavrok van Troybiko, producing Int. Ch. Polongain Akaasia.
At this time, the late 1960s a very meritated English Borzoi is imported to Finland, Gb Ch Keepers Michael Angelo. He becomes very influential, especially in Russia, through his son Alan Mikhailovitch (Lipponen)
The Margiitan kennel has produced some nice stock, the most known is Int. Ch Margiitan Tiritomba (Metsänreunan Amor x Bolshoi Ballet).
The Shaamanin kennel has both imported from, Ch Tsad, and exported several Borzois to Russia. They have also breed the perhaps most successful Finnish Show Borzoi so far, Int. Ch. Shaamanin Tsara, World winner in Bern and with several other wins on the European continent. Tsara is out of the Soviet import, Tsad-Shaamanin Fatisa.
There is, however, one outstanding Finnish kennel if one is counting show results. The Kaznan kennel has produced numerous International and National Champions, all bred from imported bloodlines of the European continent.
Kaznan runs its own quarantine and has thereby the possibility to import more easily than others. They have built their kennel on such names as Ch. Werskoi v Dom, Int. Ch. Ugra is Slonowaja, Mumtaz Mahals Patrinka and the Swiss Romanows Marosch, Nikolai and Natasha. These imports carried the best bloodlines of the continent, and have been used with excellent results on the Kaznan kennel. They have until today,1984,finished 11 Int. Ch. and 29 Nat. Chs. out of 14 litters within all 95 pups.
There are quite a few more Scandinavian kennels than mentioned in this article, but I think it has given a brief picture of appearing bloodlines and important kennels. The main purpose of the article was to describe the way of the Swedish Borzoi from Ramsden x Russia to our modern day Borzoi. (1984)