“Of Notts Kennels by Her Grace, Duchess of Newcastle”

Of Notts Kennels by Her Grace, Duchess of Newcastle

Written by Maja Čosić

Proofreading by Sue Vasick

Article was published also as printed version in Borzoi Yearbook 2021/2022 (Europeanborzoi) and also in Croatian in Kennel Club magazine “Moj pas”:

https://online.fliphtml5.com/hxyvj/cxfx/#p=93

BONUS: Three pedigrees: Ivan Turgeneff, Petrosavodsk and Podar of Notts!

1.photo The Clumber mansion

When someone mentions Nottingham or Sherwood Forest, the first things we think about are the Sheriff of Nottingham or the Legendof Robin Hood. But if you mention it to borzoi breeders, or to the breeders of fox terriers or clumber spaniels, they have another name on their mind: Kathleen Pelham – Clinton, Duchess of Newcastle, dog show judge and breeder. Owner of one of the biggest and most successful kennels of all times, kennel Of Notts, located in the heart of Nottingham near the Sherwood forest on the magical Clumber estate.

Kathleen Pelham – Clinton, Duchess of Newcastle was born on 1872 as Kathleen Candy. In 1889, at only 17 years of age she married Henry Pelham – Clinton, VII, the Duke of Newcastle. He was 24 at the time, so they became the youngest duke and duchess in England.

2.photo The Duchess and Duke of Newcastle, from archives of Sue Carter

The Duke fell badly as a boy and injuredhis leg, which later caused many problems and pain, resulting in the needfor it to be amputated. Because of his short height, he gained the nickname „little duke“. All of this causedhim to be rather shy. The Duchess, on the contrary, was a very determined and open spirited woman whosuccessfullymanaged the Clumber estate.

The Duke and Duchess shared many of the same interests, one of them being dogs. In1892, they founded The Borzoi Club. The Duchess was President and Duke Co-President, with 12 board members who changed annually between the membership. The first meeting of the Club was in Abermale Hotel, Picadilly. The club name was protected by The Kennel Club, and membership fee was two guineas a year, one guinea for foreign members.

The Ladies Kennel Association was also founded, with Duchess as an important member. Her dedication to dogs was mentioned in many magazines and books.

In 1902 C. H. Lane dedicated a book,“Dog shows and Doggy People”, to the Duchess, and stated as follows:

TO HER GRACETHE DUCHESS OF NEWCASTLE

WHO, BY HER CONDESCENSION,PERSONAL PATRONAGE, AND SUPPORT,

HAS RAISED THE TONE OF DOG SHOWS

AND DONE MUCH FOR THE BENEFIT OF THE WHOLE DOGGY COMMUNITY

THIS BOOK IS MOST RESPECTFULLY DEDICATED BY THE

AUTHOR

 

THE CLUMBERESTATE

The Clumber estate belonged to the Clinton family, who had been granted with the Earls of Lincoln title in the 16th century. The title was borne by the Dukes of Newcastle-under-Lyme and eventually they added Pelham to their surname. Members of the dynasty made Clumber estate their home in the second half of the 18th century. The Clumber mansion was developed in 1760 as a ducal residence.

The coat of arms of the Dukes of Newcastle-under-Lyme shows two sighthounds holding the shield.

3.photo Dukes of Newcastle-under-Lyme’s coat of arms

In 1879. after the passing of VI Duke of Newcastle, a fire broke on the estateand the castle suffered considerable damage. Fortunately, a settlement was achieved with the insurance company and the castle soon underwent a thorough renovation.

During the reconstruction, the rooms were renovated and the layout was changed. The new central atrium was 30 meters long, 13 meters wide and 15 meters high. Fortunately, the library was not destroyed in the fire. It was a real gem, containing very valuable collections with about 70.000 books, the oldest of which dated from 1481.

Among the paintings were valuable works by famous artists, even Rubens and Rembrandt. The house was decorated with tapestries, clocks, stuffed animals and whole collections made of glass and ebony. The most beautiful rooms were the crimson reception room, the smoking room with white marble figures, the room with the crimson chandelier and, by far the most alluring: the library. Interesting also was the oak room, decorated with a wooden carved fireplace with the coats of arms of the schools attended by the dukes. On each side of the fireplace were carved figures of two greyhounds facing each other.

In the spring of 1886, the reconstruction was completed and VII Duke moved to Clumber with his mother and siblings. After the wedding in 1889, his new wife, the Duchess, joined them.

The mansion was open to visitors whenever the family was not at home, which was quite often. Visitors could tour the rooms and walk through the park, and, in order to have a place to spend the night, a Greyhound hotel was built nearby.

The Estate was around 20 km wide and included the mansion, stables, storage buildings, gardens, park, forest and also the Hardwick village where the staff lived. The artificial lake was built on the Poulter River and was used as a romantic skating place in winter, while in summer it was adorned by the Duke’s yacht, Salamanca.

OF NOTTSKENNELS

4.photo View of kennels in Hardwick near Clumber with borzoi, around 1893.

In 1891, the Duchess decided to build a kennel for her dogs in the village of Hardwick, not far from the castle. The kennels were designed according to her strict instructions and included a veterinary hospital. The kennels spread over 15 hectares of land. In the central building was a kitchen with storage; the fences were 2 or 3 meters high and separated the paved exercise area from the rest of the kennel.

There were several breeds in the kennel, mainly borzoi, fox terriers, deerhounds and whippets. The kennels could accommodate about a hundred dogs. During the 1896, it housed 30 borzoi, 25 fox terriers and 20 clumber spaniels. In the period from 1891 to 1904 more than 300 borzoi were bred and raised in these kennels.

Aside from the dogs, the kennels were home for one exotic animal:an American wolf, which was a gift from the Earl of Liverpool. This is not the strangest animal that has resided on the estate over the years as there are records that the IV Duke owned a leopard during late 1820., and his Trustees had two buffalos in the farm barn.

Clumber spaniels, the first breed on the estate

Clumber spaniels were bred on the estate since the mid-18th century. The French Count de Nouailles II presented the Duke of Newcastle with a couple of his spaniels during the French Revolution around 1760 – 1770. The breed continued to develop at the Clumber estate and soon gained its name after the location. Until the mid-19th century the breeding of the clumber spaniel was limited to the aristocracy. During the World War I. breeding was completely stopped, which resulted in a reduction in number of dogs. After the war, in 1925 King George V continued the breeding of clumber spaniels in the royal kennels of Sandringham.

Fox terriers, darlings of the Royal family

5.photo King Edward VII and his fox terrier Caesar circa 1908 © The Royal Collection Trust

The Duchess of Newcastle was president of The Wire Fox Terrier Association from 1916 to 1919 and a member until her death. Between 1900 and 1923, she bred twenty champions of this breed, the most successful of whom was the Cackler of Notts. He is considered the ancestor of all wire fox terriers in the world. Yet the most interesting of these dogs was his son Caesar of Notts, owned by King Edward VII. Caesar was bred by the Duchess and was the king’s favourite dog. He had his own valet and was allowed to sleep in an armchair next to the king’s bed. He wore a collar with the inscription I am Caesar. I belong to the King.

After the king’s death, Caesar did not eat for days,was hiding under the king’s bed, and howled inconsolably until he was recovered by the king’s widow,Alexandra. He achieved worldwide fame in 1910 when he joined the funeral procession of his master marching in front of state officials and nine kings, including future King George V.

6.photo Funeral of the King Edward VII with Caesar and Kings favourite horse © The Royal Collection Trust

At the king’s tomb in the chapel of St. George in Windsor is a sculpture of Caesar curled up at the king’s feet. Caesar was buried along with Queen Alexandra’s other dogs in the dog cemetery in Marlborough Palace Park in London.

Alexandra was a breeder and exhibitor. She bred borzoi in royal kennels of Sandringham, and was one of the high society members often seen atdog shows, thus she was a friend of the Duchess. The most famous borzoi that belonged to the Queen Alexandra was Alix, a gift from the Russian Tsar Alexander II, her brother in law.

Borzoi, the inspiration of artist’s

The first record of borzoi in Britain is found in the early 19th century. The Duchess of Newcastle’s first encounter with Russian greyhounds was in 1886, when Marquis de Quadelmina presented her mother with a female borzoi he had brought from the Russian Imperial Kennels in Gatchina. They called the puppy Spain because the Marquis was aSpaniard.

Shortly afterwards, in 1889 the Duchess bought the male Ivan II, bred at the Paris Zoo. In the period from 1867 to 1914, a total of 41 litters of borzoi were bred in the Paris Zoo, together with many other breeds.

7.photoThe Duchess and Ivan II circa 1891.

From the breeding between Ivan II and Spain eight puppies emerged. Soon followed the new imports from Russia and so began the serious breeding of borzoi at the Clumber estate.

8.photo Spain and her puppies,painting by Frank Watkins 1891 © Bonhams

The Duchess was one of the most important importers of borzoi from Russia into Britain. Sometimes she would send agents, or she travelled herself to Russia to select and redeem the best specimens. In 1891, one of her agents imported from St. Petersburg nine borzoi at once.

Grand Duke Nicholai Nikolaevich, the owner of famous Pershino kennel, advised the Duchess and passed his knowledge about borzoi to her.

After her visit to Russia and meeting with the Duke in 1891. she writes for the magazine Forest and Stream:

English judges will soon ruin this breed if they form a fresh standard; they will breed animals (not dogs) as top heavy and useless as present St. Bernard, simply through trying to make elephants of them. In Russia they do not consider height a point, simply symmetry of form and speed for hunting. The average height of dogs is from 16 to 18 vershoks (vershok is an old russianmeasure, and 16 to 18 vershoks equal 70 to 80 cm, or 28 to 31.5 inches); over this height they become coarse and lose symmetry and speed,which are much valued.

She also mentions the Duke in one of her articles for Our dogs magazine:

I flatter myself that I probably know more of His Imperial Highness the Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich’s judgement of Borzoi than anyone else, as when I was in Russia, His Imperial Highness took the trouble to bring me Borzois, pictures and models, and explained all the points he most prized, he also gave me the picture of his best dog, a very beautiful and perfect specimen, and which type I try to keep in my mind’s-eye.

As to wolf hunting and killing, the Grand Duke told me that it was only a very exceptional dog that would tackle a wolf single handed, and that he himself judged a dog’s character and courage very much by the way he used his ears, and for this reason he laid great stress on ears, their carriage and movement. Usually two dogs are slipped at wolf, and when they have collared him the hunter comes up and kills the quarry.             

Even then, the Duchess showed exceptional knowledge of borzoi breed, which will only deepen with her judging assignments that will follow.

FIRST WOMEN JUDGING AT DOG SHOWS

9.photo The Duchess judging fox terriers in the ring

10.dog show at the botanical garden in 1906, with the judge, Duchess of Newcastle (in black dress).

Mrs Whitney was first woman invited to judge at a dog show. That was in New York and she was judging St. Bernards. Mrs Holdsworth and Mrs Jenkins were first ladies to judge in England, and they judged Pugs and Toy Spaniels at the Maidstone show in 1886. Mrs Jagger was the first lady invited to judge big breeds. She judged St. Bernards in Belfast in 1894. and it caused a sensation at the time, the Press giving such headings as A lady going to the dogs, Advance of Woman, Innovation in Dog-judging etc.

Thus, the Duchess of Newcastle was not the first female judge, but she was very successful and at her first exhibition in Southport, Lancashire in 1897, she judged as many as 118 borzoi.

The canine literature writes about this event:

Her Grace, the Duchess of Newcastle has consented to judge at the show in Southport and, no doubt, the novelty of a canine exhibition of the kind will ensure the success, especially as it will be the first occasion upon which a lady of such social distinction and noble family has officiated in the judging ring.

The show was mentioned in The Illustrated Sporting and Dramatic News:

This event would have been a challenge to any judge, but it passed almost without any difficulty. She judged reasonably in each class at a speed that amazed the audience.

The magazineCountry life illustrated commented about the event:

I never met with a lady who had made a more successful study of any particular variety than has the Duchess of Newcastle. Such a thorough sports woman deserves support, and although one or two critics stood aghast at the type she preferred in several of the classes, it was all round agreed that as adébutanther Grace made but few mistakes.

11.The Clumber five at Southport show: Ooslad, Milka, Golub, Vikhra and Tsaritsa, “Country Life Illustrated”, 1897.

At the same show in Southport, five borzoi from Clumber were present, but not shown. They were an absolute attraction, and by some they surpassed all shown dogs in quality. These were Ooslad, Milka, Golub, Vikhra and Tsaritsa.

12.Tsaritsa (or Tsaretsa) in 1895, colorized photo from the archive of Dan Persson.

Tsaritsa (1893 or 1895) (or sometimes called Tsaretsa) was most significant among them, considered by many to be the best specimen of the breed ever exhibited at the time. She was a gift to Her Grace from Count Sergei Alexandrovich Stroganoff, an heir to the powerful Russian Family Stroganoff. He was a passionate hunter and one of the founders of the popular Russian hunting magazine Okhota (Hunting). Some sources say that count Stroganoff bought Tsaritsa from the Russian borzoi breeder, General Boldareff. Other say that the Stroganoff could be the breeder of Tsaritsa, as he bought her parents from General Boldareff and they could have a litter at his kennel in 1895. In one of her newspaper articles, the Duchess addresses the count Stroganoff as the breeder of Tsaritsa. Tsaritsa’s brother from the same litter, Marksman, was imported to America by Joseph Thomas at O’Valley Farm. Joseph Thomas is the author of a documentary book about borzoi based on his visits to Russia and the Pershino estate, where the highest quality specimens of this breed were bred. About her, the Duchess wrote: A big bitch of lovely quality, she produced six first prize winners in one litter, and three of them champions, and she herself was unbeaten winner of 200 firsts.

Milka (1889) was first female borzoi champion of Great Britain, gaining the title in 1893. She was bred by Colonel Tschebishoff, same as Nagrajdai II. The Duchess says about Milka: She also, through her daughter Vedma comes into our pedigrees to-day. She is a mixture of her breeds’ Prince Galitzin’s and Visheslavtsov strains – she was pure white.

13.Four borzoi with kill, painter John Emms 1892. © The Kennel Club

Some of the most important borzoi belonging to the Duchess – Nagrajdai II, Oudar, Golub and Ooslad –  are painted on the painting Four borzoi with kill by John Emms. The painting is today owned by The Kennel Club.

Oudar (1888) was bred in the Russian kennel Durassov. He was white with grey markings. Oudar and a dozen other borzoi were sent from St. Petersburg to compete at Crufts in 1892. The Duchess noticed Oudar at the show and bought him for amount of £200, which is today’s value of £30.000. The Duchess writes about him: The best of a large draft sent over by Grand Duke Nicolas, was a big, good coated dog, rather coarse in the head and light in the eye. He did a good deal of winning and sired several winners before I sold him to America.

Nagrajdai II (1888) was purchased by Her Grace from the Russian Colonel Tschebishoff. The Duchess described him as wider in front than any borzoi she had seen, very deep chest, splendid shoulders with straight tail, well let down to the hocks and ‘can go a great pace’.

Ooslad (1887) was a silver medal winner in Moscow, bred by General Sokoloff. About him, The Duchess said: His is perhaps the most dominant blood in our back pedigrees. His sire was Mr. N. A. Boldareff’s Ataman, and his dam was Podruga of Waltsoff strain.

14. Kaissack, Kaissack II and Nagrajdai II

About Kaissack(1888) the Dutchess commented around 1930: His blood comes in present – day back pedigrees through his daughter Vedma, dam of Ch. Vikhra, his sire was bred by Count Sheremeteff, and his dam was of Prince Galitzin and Mr. Korotneff’s blood. I think that he was the best coated Borzoi we have ever had in England, better even that my Ch. Podar is today!

Golub(1889.- 1899.) was bred by the Russian general DimitiWaltzoff, known for the documentary book “Pershino Hunt” in which he describes the Imperial estate and kennels in Pershino, Tula. Golub was immortalized on the painting by artist John Emms, today owned by the Kennel Club. In a German magazine Hunde-Sport und Jagd (Dogs, sport and hunting) from 1893, the dimensions of Golub were stated: height 77.5 cm, chest girth 92 cm, head length 32.5 cm, skull girth 35 cm.Golub died when he was ten years old at the show in Ranelagh Club soon after he got out of his transporter. The newspapers wrote his death was the result of heat, which was unbearable on that summer day. The Duchess wrote about him: A very good dog, wonderfully sound, and a great sire. His blood comes down today.

15. Golub, painter John Emms © The Kennel Club

Borzoi belonging to the Duchess of Newcastle can be also found in the paintings of artist Maud Earl, known for her canine paintings and portraits of dogs that were especially appreciated by Queens Alexandra and Victoria. The painting Borzoi heads by Maud Earl was sold for US$27,500 at an auction in New York in 2013. The painting shows the dogs Vitim (1903), Vassal (1899) and Ivan Turgeneff (1902), all owned by the Duchess of Newcastle.

16.Borzoi heads by Maud Earl © Bonhams

17.Ivan Turgeneffby Maud Earl © Bonhams

Head kennel man at Clumber, Mr Gardner, measured following dogs belonging to the Duchess:

Velasquez: height 82.5 cm, head length 32 cm., girth of chest 91.5 cm

Velsk: height 79 cm, head length 32 cm, girth of chest 90 cm

Tatiana: height 76.5 cm, head length30.5 cm, girth of chest 90 cm

Tsaritsa: height 79 cm, head length 30.5 cm, girth of chest 89 cm

 

18. Petrosavodsk, son of famous Tsaritsa had all qualities of the breed that we would like to see today “Le Sport UniverselIllustre” 1908.

 

From the Ernest H. Guy collection provided by Sue Vasick, the comments of the Borzoi standard are stated by Her Grace the Duchess of Newcastle in an article for Our Dogs magazine (circa 1930):

Mr George Krehl (editor of the late Stock – keeper), much interested in Borzois during the early nineties of the last century, as who helped so much in the formation of our club, obtained the following standard of points complied by the Russian Imperial Society for the Encouragement of sport, at a meeting held on March 4, 1889 and signed by N. D. Stoopiskin, president, and seven other members of that society. The translation is a literal one, and from it the English Borzoi Club drew up their standard of points on the club’s foundation early in the February of 1892.

Head – Generally lean throughout, with flat narrow skull, leading over a hardly perceptible stop to a long snout. The head, from forehead to end of the nose should be so fine and lean that the shape and direction of the bones and principal veins can be easily seen.

Nose – Black.

Eyes – Dark, expressive, oblong, almond shaped.

Ears – Small, not quite round at the tips, not leathery, set on high, and the tips when thrown back almost touching the occiput.

Neck – Not swanlike, though not short, not rising straight from the withers.

Shoulders – Clean.

Chest – Somewhat narrow, but not hollow.

Back – Rather bony and free from any cavity in the spinal cord (as, from example, is often seen in English Greyhounds) with a well marked arch in the males, but level and broad in the female.

Loins – Broad and drooping.

Ribs – On no account round like a barrel, but flat like a fish, deep, reaching to the elbow, and even lower.

Groin – In the male short, in the female roomy.

Forelegs – Lean and straight, seen from the front they should be narrow, and from the side broad at the shoulder and narrowing gradually down to the foot.

Hindlegs – Should be the least thing under the body when standing still, not straight, and the stifle only slightly bent and the hindlegs not too far apart from one another. Free from dew claws.

Muscles – Those of the hindquarters and shoulders should be long and not convex.

Pasterns – Short.

Feet – Long toes closely jointed together, short and strong nails, and the animal should stand more on the nails than on the heel.

Coat – Soft, long, silky and wavy, and in places somewhat curly. The feet should be covered with hair like a hare.

Tail – Long and sickle shaped.

Note – The male should in general be shorter in body than the female. It should be possible to place the male in a square, so that the withers, toes of forefeet and heels of hindlegs should be placed within the limits of four lines forming it.

The minutes from which the above are extracts are signed by the president and seven other gentlemen.

You will see nothing is said as to color or height, but I will quote Colonel Tschebichoff, who in those days owned the best Borzois dog that had been exhibited (NagrajdaiII – the only Moscow gold medal winner). The colonel says that in his experience he has never seen the front ribs reach as low as the elbow. The dog should have an arched back, and when the bitch is more than ordinarily broad, her back is arched also. There is no greater fault than a back level from the withers, and suddenly arching at the hindquarters. The vertebrae of the spine should be seen like a row of knots. The elbows should never be turned out as they are in a Bulldog. The hocks should be prominent. The hindpart of the body should be broader than the fore. The muscles of the hindlegs should be narrow and long, not as in the English Greyhound broad and thick. Height of dog 25.1/4 inches (64 cm) to 33.1/4 inches (84.5 cm). Height of bitch 22.3/4 inches (58 cm) to 29.3/4 inches (75.5 cm). Average height of dogs 28 inches (71 cm) to 33.1/4 inches (84.5 cm); bitches 24.1/2 inches (62 cm) to 28 inches (71 cm). Coat: on head, the hair short and smooth, the same on ears and front of forelegs. The frill on neck should be long and rather curly. The chest and the rest of the body should be covered with long wavy, but not curly hair. Colour: nose black, eyes very dark although excellent specimens are seen with hazel or some other even lighter colours. Coat should be white, and white with grey spots, white with yellowish –grey spots. Many people object to tiger coloured spots as in the Bulldog.

The Colonel always disqualifies blacks, black and tan, and white with black spots, as he considers that these colours indicate a descent from English or Oriental Greyhounds. His supplementary remarks are valuable. The description of the neck is interesting “not swan like” means not arched. The borzoi carries his neck lower with the head nearer the line of back.

The medals in Moscow are given I suppose much on the same lines as the qualification systems works at other Continental shows. General Boldareff explains this by dividing the different parts into seven, with a maximum of five points to each, making 45 in all. As to the valuation of the points in reference to each other they are placed in this order.

  1. Hindlegs
  2. Forelegs
  3. Ribs
  4. Back
  5. General symmetry
  6. Muzzle, eyes and ears
  7. Tail

A dog gaining 27 points gets certificate, 30 a bronze medal, 36 a small silver, 40 a large silver and 45 a gold medal. As you can imagine, the gold medal is only given in extraordinary cases. The main things are the working points, the hind legs must be always better than the forelegs.

Of course most of what I have written is very ancient history, but as I was owning and judging Borzois when most of to-day’s owners were barely in their cradles, and I also have had the great privilege of personal instruction of Duke Nicholas Nicolaevich on the points of the Borzoi, I feel that these facts are of interest to Borzoi lovers; and it is as well, too, to realize that although certain well-known Russian owners and breeders did ban black with tan, still dogs of this colour have won at Moscow. Personally I don’t like black markings, as light eyes nearly always follow, still it is only when dogs are equal in all other points that I allow my colour fad to come in.

                                                                                            Signed: K. NEWCASTLE

AN END TO AN ERA

The Duke of Newcastle bought a Forest Farm estate in Winfield near Cranbourne, within Windsor Forest near London where the couple was increasingly staying. The Duchess was dedicated to fox terrier breeding and dog show judging. During 1906, she decided to part with most of her borzoi, except for six of her favourites. She sent the remaining 24 borzoi to the Manchester show where she sold them. This decision was partly of a financial nature, but the second reason was that she primarily decided to continue with the breeding of fox terriers.

After the Duke’s passing in 1928, he was succeeded by his brother, Henry Francis Hope Pelham – Clinton, the VIII. Duke of Newcastle. The dowager Duchess had permanently moved to their Forest Farm estate in Winfield.

19.The Duchess and Podar of Notts at the Forest Farm in Winkfield circa 1930. From the archive of Sue Carter.

20.Painting of Podar of Notts drawn for Her Grace by Miss A. R. Mackinnon, now in a private posession in USA.

Soon, the new Duke fell into serious financial trouble. The Clumber mansion was demolished in 1938, and the material was sold. Books from the library and all other valuables were also sold. The oak fireplace, adorned with two carved figures of greyhounds was to be moved to the town hall. Unfortunately, during World War II the fireplace was left in a basement where it was attacked by a wormhole and was subsequently destroyed. In the next year, the entire estate was sold for £ 297,500.00 which would be around £20 million in 2021. Clumber Park has been under the protection of the British National Trust since 1946 onwards.

The last show judged by the Duchess of Newcastle was held in 1948., 60 years after the arrival of her first borzoi Spain into her life!

The Duchess passed in 1955. She left her show dogs to her kennel man, and her house dogs to her maid.

21.Kathleen Pelham – Clinton, the Duchess of Newcastle at the coronation of Elizabeth II in 1953.

 

The Duchess was an extremely intelligent woman, with vast experience and a life dedicated to dogs. She deserves to be called and remembered as one of the greatest dog persons in history. Her lines of borzoi are still present in the blood of many champions in United Kingdom, but also in the world. Her influence on the breeding of fox terriers and clumber spaniels is also very significant.

One of the most important breeders of borzoi, Captain Borman, writes about the Duchess in a book British Dogs, Their Points, Selection, And Show Preparationin 1903:

Indeed, in a great measure the borzoi owes its present position in the English dog world to her Grace, who takes a keen and active interest in the welfare of the breed, and who is acknowledged to be the best judge of the variety we have.

22.The Duchess wears a hat with a borzoi motif accompanied by her borzoi Alexandroff of Notts. We can see the missing premolar, often a problem in today’s borzoi. Circa 1933.

Many thanks to all borzoi friends and members from The Borzoi Encyclopedia that helped in creation of this article.

 

 

Literature:

Ornament of Sherwood Forest, John Fletcher, Country Books, 2005.

РусскиепсовыеборзыенаЗападе. Начало., ИринаШлыкова, АндрусКозлов, 2013.

Dog shows and doggy people, C. H. Lane, Hutchinson & co., London 1902.

History and Description of the Modern Dogs of Great Britain and Ireland, Vol 1 & Vol. 2, Rawdon B. Lee, London 1897.

British Dogs, Their Points, Selection, And Show Preparation, W. D. Drury. 1903, Charles Scribner’s Sons

Kennel secrets: How to breed, exhibit, and manage dogs, Perry, Joseph Franklin, 1846.

The Borzoi, Desiree Scott, Kingdom Books, 1999.

The modern borzoi, Valeska borzoi Rey and Yvonne McGehe 2002.

Sue Vasick’s archive, Ernest Guy collection

 

The ilustrated sporting and dramatic news, 29.01.1898.

Country Life Illustrated, 17.06.1899.

 

www.borzoipedia.com

www.biodiversitylibrary.org

www.wirefoxterrierassociation.co.uk

 

BONUS – PEDIGREES

 

 

A sad story

This story is an example of what unlucky circumstances can do to people, their borzoi and even affect the whole breed. It is not published here to point fingers at one unfortunate person but to make us all aware of what can happen. Borzoi clubs and friends should be the first to see signs of illness or a beginning dementia and try to help avoid things go as far as in the article below!

 

A 73-year-old dog breeder broke down and cried before magistrates yesterday when she was banned from keeping dogs, following the discovery of three underfed Borzois in her home.

Xx, pleaded not guilty before the magistrates to failing to give proper care and attention to three Borzoi dogs – Russian wolf­hounds.

But the case was found proved and when she was disqualified she cried from the dock: “Please don’t say that, please don’t say that. Don’t take my life away from me – I have nothing else to live for.”

She was banned from keeping dogs for ten years and fined £10.

“I can’t do without my dogs – if you take them away, there is only one thing to do and that is to finish myself.”

Prosecuting, Mr A N told the court that Xx premises were visited by PC H W of and Inspector, Mr H B on December 11, 1972

Three dogs were later taken away and after examination by a veterinary surgeon had to be destroyed.

PC Webb said in evidence: “When we went in I saw the floor was wet and covered in excreta and urine. The place was indescribably filthy.”

In the living room, there were about 18 dogs lying on the floor, he said, and three Borzoi dogs on the settee. “They were in a pitiful state and hardly moved. They appeared to be in such poor condition that I doubt if they could have stood up – they were almost going rotten.

“I think if they had stayed on that settee they would have been dead within 24 hours – they were literally drying out.”

“I told her the dogs had to be put down but I wasn’t getting through to her,” said Mr Beech, “all she kept saying was ‘aren’t my dogs beautiful and about how happy they were’.”

The dogs – two bitches and a dog – were about six-months-old and had sores and fleas. One had rickets and weighed only 14 lbs, while another, which was only 19 lbs, had a pressure sore on its shoulder which exposed the bone.

The normal weight of such dogs, he said, would be around 45 lb. Their condition was caused by inadequate care and feeding, he told the court.

Xx said the dogs were not the type of breed that carried a lot of flesh in their early months. “They never did very well,” she said. “I fed them on glucose and milk but had to spoon-feed them because they couldn’t take any solid food.

“They did not appear to be suffering in any way. They were quite happy – they didn’t make a single sound.”

Mrs E C P, chairman of the bench said: “This has been a very hard decision for us to reach. We feel the time has come when you should not be allowed to keep dogs.”

The Champion Dog Breeder

The future of Xx personal pets is uncertain but it seems likely that her 60 dogs will now be put under the care of kennel manager, Mr B M

As she sat at home stroking her three-year-old Borzoi Regal, she said: “I still can’t believe it. I have had animals all my life – how can they take them away from me?”

Inspector Mr H B said he had known Xx for six years and she was well-respected in the dog world. She had shown at Crufts, bred seven champions and picked up gold and silver medals all over the country.

“This is the most disastrous case I have ever had the misfortune to be involved in,” he said.

Xx has been breeding dogs for 50 years. She was born in C, N, the daughter of a well-known farmer, and soon learned how to look after cows, sheep – and especially dogs.

In 1923 she moved and the following year set up her own kennels. Over the years she has kept Golden Retrievers, Terriers, Labradors and her greatest love – Borzois.Sad story

Story in the Hunting Journal by NN Chelichtsev

Melanie Richards posted the Russian text a while back, and I’ve completed the translation of that chapter and my wife Catherine Shilov finished the editing, Dmitri Shilov!

 

The content or part of the content in the article has been questioned but it can’t be denied that Nikolai Chelichtsev had seen some of the dogs he describes!

Some notes: The full Russian word for ‘Borzoi’ is “Русская псовая борзая”. Transliterated, this reads as “Russkaya psovaya borzaya” which translates to “Russian furred sighthound.” The distinction made about furred (псовая ‘psovaya’) and thick-furred (густопсовоя ‘gustopsovaya’) will become apparent in the article, as well as how the breed eventually came to be known simply as the Russian furred sighthound.

Chelictchef

Some of the sentences tend to “run” as we erred on the side of staying truer to the original text. Certain edits were made where the phrasing was unclear.

A translation from “Hunter’s Library: Russian Borzoi – The Rearing of and Hunting with” by N. N. Chelischev – Part 1, Chapter 2: ‘Main Types of the Russian Furred Sighthound’

Until the sixties of the last century, there were, in fact, two breeds of Russian sighthound: one of them was called the “thick-furred”, and the other “furred”. (In Russian, borzoi as a word just means sighthound, the defining word for the breed is “псовой”, originating from the distinct and wavy coat of the Borzoi.) The difference between them was not only in the density of the fur, but in the whole exterior and even somewhat in the behavioural qualities.

Thick-furred borzoi, in addition to the thickness and length of the fur, possessed enormous size – up to 85 cm at the shoulders, a wide mid-arch, bony legs, strongly developed muscles on the shoulders, back and, especially, hind legs and in general gave an impression of a massive and somewhat heavy dog; accordingly, the dog had a wider head, with the same wide, compact, straight and long muzzle, i.e. part of the head from the eyes to the nose. The eyes of these dogs were always agate-black, large, on the roll out (bulging), and the ears were small, angular and almost constantly kept the erect and forward-facing in an excited state, but in the relaxed state they were laid on the back of the head. The type of such a dog is superbly conveyed by Vysheslavtsev in the drawing of the famous thick-furred borzoi of his hunt – “Удал”, once placed on the pages of “Nature and the Hunt.”

As for the second type, i.e. furred dogs, they possess a less dense and shorter fur compared to thick-furred Borzoi. They also differed from them in the following: smaller height, lighter bones and legs, as well as their bones, respectively, were less rich in musculature. The heads of furred dogs were narrow and long, even tending to sharpness (excessive thinness at the end of the muzzle); eyes black or dark hazel, ears small, located on the back of the head. The ears, however, even when the dog was excited, were rarely completely upright . The ears usually only became somewhat raised, with the ends of them wrapped or forward to the head or to the side. We must also add that both breeds also differed in the neck. While the thick-furred’s neck was short and the head on it was completely horizontal, in a furred dog the neck was bent in the form of a sloping arc and the head on it was correspondingly with a sloping downwards muzzle. In addition to these differences, thick-furred and furred dogs differed from each other in color. The thick-furred dogs have always been of different colors, ranging from pure white to black. (No further clarification is made about this statement in the text)

These are the external qualities of the two breeds of the Russian borzoi in which they differed.

As for their inner qualities, it can be said that there was no particularly serious difference between them, but there was only one difference in the use of force. While the thick-furred hound was frisky and quick at a short distance, or, as they say, “short-circuited”, the furred hound endured longer distances and could chase the prey for a longer time. Again, this is due to the peculiarities of the area where each of these breeds was used.

The thick-furred hound was common in more northern wooded areas, so it had to catch in shorter fields and even clearings (narrow open space between forest edges) and glades where lightning fast speed and lunging are needed, as the beast quickly disappeared from sight, jumping over short open space. The furred hound was common in more Southern areas, where a longer chase was needed to catch prey. The prey could have been in sight and followed for a longer time.

Adapting to the locality in its desire to catch the beast, the thick-furred hound obviously had to immediately give all its strength, but the furred hound, on the contrary, could save it.

Thus, it must be said that both breeds did not have a big difference in strength and only spent it with different intensity, and therefore would last for more or less time. It is impossible, however, to say that the thick-furred dog could not catch in the fields, and the furred hound – on the glade or clearing, and therefore both of these breeds had their admirers both among northern hunters and among more southern ones.

It was so until the sixties (1860) of the last century, when Borzoi hunting in most cases ceased. Borzoi dogs survived here and there almost single instances, and it was impossible to even think about breeding this breed in its pure form. Since that time, the mixing of both above-mentioned breeds begins. When the “Society for the Reproduction of Hunting and Commercial Animals and Proper Hunting” established in Moscow in 1873 organized its first exhibition, the hunters who came to it had to admit a complete mixture of both breeds, not to mention intermixing with English and Southern breeds. In the press and at the assemblies between the hunters, the controversy about the exterior of the thick-furred and furred borzoi was raised, and all this resulted in the development of a single common standard for the exterior of the furred borzoi, and the name thick-furred was rejected.

Since the foundation of the above society, the intensive activity of hunters to restore the breed of sighthound dogs begins, and from that time, calling them only furred borzoi (“псовой борзой”), hunters from the remnants of the breed dogs begin to create their types, similar to the common features of the breed exterior, but differing in details. These details were determined by the taste of each individual dog owner, but in general, the discrepancy was expressed by the proximity of one type of dog to the thick-furred, and the other to the furred.

It is necessary to give full credit to many hunters in that they spared no effort and showed a lot of energy in this direction, and their persistent aspirations ended in complete success. The Russian hunting sighthound (Borzoi) has again reached extraordinary beauty with beautiful field presence.

In central Russia by the time of 1917, seven basic types of hound dogs thus arose:

1. Pershinskie
2. Ozerovskie
3. Boldyrevskie
4. Chelischevsky
5. Sumarokovskie
6. Geyerovskie and
7. Bibikovskie.

The distinctive features of these types are as follows:

1) **Pershinskie dogs ** represented in themselves the best blood of old borzoi and were divided into two groups: dark-coloured and light-colored.

Bistri

The first ones had a narrow, sunken head, with a small crook toward the end of the muzzle, dark, bulging eyes, ears high and correctly placed on the back of the head. Height – from 70 to 80 cm. Fur was quite thick, soft and wavy, but not in curls. The tail was thin, and sickle shaped. In appearance, they were light dogs, did not have excess bone mass and generally more closely approached the type of the antique furred breed. In the field they were predominantly frisky, but they possessed mediocre malice (Translator note: “malice” or “злобa” in Russian when used with regards to the Borzoi is a very special term referring to the breeds innate desire to attack wolves).

As for the second group, i.e. dogs of light color, they differed from the first mainly by the head, which was also long and sunken, but the muzzle was almost always straight. Height was the same. Fur mostly curled. The tail was the same. In appearance, these dogs were initially more bony and larger, so that they were closer to the dense-furred type. However, in the subsequent pursuit of exceptional agility, Perchino hunting house (the place where these dogs were bred) greatly reduced the size of these dogs. At the end of their existence Pershinskie dogs acquired a very lightweight form bordering on thinness. Both the light-colored and dark-colored dogs were used in the hunting field in similar capacity.

Those who wish to compose a more accurate concept of *Pershinskie* we recommend the book by D.P. Valtsova about Pershinskaya hunting.

2) ** Ozerovskie dogs ** – quite tall, although they rarely reached 75 cm in males and 70 cm in bitches.

Ataman

Color was pure white, or white with fawn and gray spotting. The fur was very thick, but not particularly long, forming curls, but was not wavy. A particularly characteristic feature of this breed was a Roman nose and the sloping of the forehead towards the back, so that the head seemed to be arched from both sides, i.e. to the nose and to the nape. The eyes of these dogs are black, bulging, very open, with visible blood vessels in the whites, or, as they say, “on the blood.” The ears are thin and small and, although slightly lower set, but tightly drawn to the head and mobile. The tail for the most part was sickle-shaped, thin, with a long, wavy fur. These dogs were very rich in bone and wide in the rear and back. In the field they were frisky, strong and with malice, but without the tendency to lunge.
.
The blood of Ozerovskie dogs, when bred into other bloodlines, especially ennobled the appearance of the dog.

3) ** Boldyrev dogs ** – medium height: males – 72-75 cm, females – 70-72 cm.

Ledbedka

The color is predominantly white, with fawn and red spots. Fur – medium density, long, in a large curl. The eyes are the same as those of the Ozerskys, but the head is straight and only sometimes with a small bump towards the nose. The ears are thin and small, quite mobile, but not always rising all the way up, and for the most part, when the dog is excited, bends to the sides with their ends. The tail is proper. The bones of these dogs were thinner than the Ozerovskie, and they had a light appearance. In the field they were frisky and with a tendency to lunge, but they did not stand out in their malice.

4) ** Chelischevsky dogs ** – the tallest of all types of borzoi: males – up to 80 cm, and females – up to 75. Color – fawn in silver, red-fawn, and white with fawn in silver and red spotting, rarely black-spotted on gray. The silver speckling on the fawn, and sometimes red-fawn fur was due to the fact that these colors of the fur turned almost white at the ends. For the density and length of the fur, these dogs had no equal. The head was long, straight, with a dense and wide muzzle, sometimes with a small bump towards the nose. The eyes are the same as those of the Ozersky dogs.

Tschelichsev

A special distinguishing feature of this type of dog was the ears – small, thin, completely sharp and located above the level of the eyes. When the dog was in an excited state, they rose up and forward, squeezing together so tightly that it was like a triangle, while in a calm state the dog’s ears lay on the back of the head, crossing between themselves in the form of scissors. The neck of these dogs was short, dressed with dog fur like a hand warmer or muff. The tail is proper, sickle-shaped, with long, wavy fur below and curls above starting from the base of the tail and to approximately half-way down the length, then changing into a wavy fur. The bone and the whole body are voluminous, giving the impression, at first glance, of massiveness and heaviness. However, in the field these dogs were very frisky, with a huge lunge, completely impassable and malicious. This breed is the oldest.

5) ** Sumarokovsky dogs ** – also very tall, from very old breeds – Kareevskih, and have kept the qualities of these dogs and are almost their last representatives. Males reach 80 cm in height, and females up to 75. Color – white, with fawn and red-fawn spots. The fur, although inferior in density to Chelishchevsky, is still very thick, in large curls. The head is long, straight, with a dense and wide muzzle and with a hump at the nose.

Lyubim

An excellent quality of this type of dogs were somewhat luminous eyes, a certain pinkiness of the eyelids, pinkish lips and nose. The ears are thin, small and tightly drawn to the head, but never raised up and forward, but only raised up, and the ends of the ears were turned to the side. The tail is proper, but not sickle-shaped, but in the form of a saber, i.e. shallow-curved. The bone and the body can be called strong, but sometimes there is a superiority in the development of the front, and the rear was somewhat narrower. I didn’t see these dogs in the field, but, according to many hunters who traveled with them, they were frisky and especially malicious.

6) ** Geyerovskie dogs ** were descendants from the dogs of the old and famous hunter – P.A. Bereznikov. They were small in stature: males – up to 72 cm, females – up to 65. Color – black with red tan and dark red, sometimes with gray hair. In the dark-red dogs, the muzzle, starting from the eyes, was black. The density of fur on these dogs did not stand out, and the fur was rough to the touch. The head is straight, but not particularly long, with a hump towards the nose, and the nose itself has a certain tendency toward sharpness.

A distinctive feature of this type were yellow eyes, which made an unpleasant impression on the background of black color. Ears – rather low, although tightly drawn to the head. In an excited state, these dogs somehow would lift the entire skin on the nape together with the ears and formed a kind of hood over their heads. When proper, the tails of these dogs also did not stand out, but the tails were sometimes tilted to one side. They have recently become impoverished in bone and body due to the fact that this breed has been bred exclusively to itself, and for a very long time has not been refreshed with the blood of other breeds. In the field, these dogs were not frisky, but they were malicious. When taking the wolf (and it must be said that they all took by the throat), they froze on it, closed their eyes and pressed their front legs under themselves. It was very difficult to tear them away from the wolf. In malice, not a single breed could compare with these dogs.

7) ** Bibikov dogs ** were especially common among hunters in the Tula province and were based on the lines of the dogs of the very famous hunter of the Tver province – Nazimov. These dogs were shorter in stature and even small: males – 70 cm, and females – 65 and even smaller. They came in any color except black. The black never came out from these dogs. Fur was also varied, up to being hard, standing like a brush, and in general it was very rough to the touch and not thick. The head did not have a certain type and was for the most part crude. The eyes are small and of different shades, although I did not notice light eyes. The ears were very diverse in the setting and movement. In bone and body these dogs were quite strong. In general, about this breed, we can say that in appearance it was very unattractive, but in its field qualities it was very much appreciated by the hunters of the Tula province, outside of which, it seemed, it was not exported. In the field, these dogs were frisky and especially malicious.

This was a brief description of those types of borzoi that existed as basic ones before 1917.

It can be said that there were many dogs to work with, the achievements of individual hunters were enormous, and at that time the Russian furred sighthound stood at such a peak that it could not be surpassed by any foreign breeds. Currently, there are still some instances of these types. Under appropriate conditions, the restoration of the breed of Russian furred sighthounds is quite possible.

Translated by Dmitri and Cathrine Shilov

Bransgore Borzois of Mrs. E. L. Gingold.

The Book of Dogs by Stanley West.

“Here is a Borzoi, to walk, proudly and delicately as yourself, across velvet lawns at the hem of your trailing satins, and whose fidelity, moreover, will but increase as your mirror grows less and less courteous.”

Jerrold Vassall Adams wrote in the introduction to the book.

The name of Bransgore  is from a village in Hampshire, UK the county in which Mr and Mrs Gingold lived for a time. This was adopted by Mrs Gingold as her affix.

In the section on Borzoi of this publication the photographs are incorrectly named. These have been amended in the feature below:-

Painting.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ballerina
Ballerina of Bransgore

“This is one of the most attractive of all breeds, and whilst it may claim to be a relation of the Greyhound its type is certainly more beautiful. In the days before the Great War the Borzoi was world famous for its skill in the favourite Russian sport of wolf-hunting, rather a dangerous pastime, in which a pair of dogs were trained to chase and seize an individual wolf, the object being to grip the wolf by each ear and bring it down, keeping it there until the hunter arrived.

The Russian Imperial Court and many grand-dukes had numerous dogs in their kennels, and the famous “Bransgore” strain now bred in this country are from the original Russian stock.

This breed has been favoured by our own Royal family, both Their Majesties Queen Victoria and Queen Alexandra having kept them. At the present time it is one of the most popular exhibits at the larger dog shows.”

Mona Lisa

 

 

 

 

Bryn
Bransgore Mona Lisa

Brusi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Brynzga of Bransgore

I am publishing this article in The Borzoi Encyclopedia to encourage better understanding of the function of a Borzoi and its development as a breed. It is for all to enjoy reading but no part of my contributions to The Borzoi Encyclopedia may be copied, downloaded, printed or used in any way without my prior express written consent.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

“Tail Wagged” by A Croxton Smith

 

 

A Croxton Smith was a Member of the UK Kennel Club and a journalist. He published several books including “Tail Wagged” in 1931. The Borzoi was illustrated by a photograph of Ernest Guy’s dog Booklaw:

Book published 1931

”                                                                     THE BORZOI

Here we have the wolfdog of the Czars and sporting nobles of pre-revolutionary Russia. Great kennels were kept and the hunting was conducted with fitting pomp and ceremony. The usual method was to station men round a wood, each of whom had two or three borzois in leash. As the quarry was drawn out of covert by hounds, the borzois closest to him were slipped, and if they were fast enough the wolf was seized by the ear, thrown to the ground and held until the arrival of the huntsmen. He is the tallest of the greyhound family, with the exception of Irish Wolfhounds, and he is built on most graceful lines. The body is long, nicely arched in the back; the ribs very deep; chest rather narrow; shoulders clean and sloping well back. The thighs are long and well developed; stifles and hocks well bent. The forelegs are clean and straight, having bone of fine quality, that is to say, it is flat. The head is unusually long and lean, and inclined to be Roman-nosed; the jaws very powerful; ears small and fine; dark eyes. The coat, long and silky, may be flat, wavy or curly.”

I am publishing this article in The Borzoi Encyclopedia to encourage better understanding of the function of a Borzoi and its development as a breed. It is for all to enjoy reading but no part of my contributions to The Borzoi Encyclopedia may be copied, downloaded, printed or used in any way without my prior express written consent.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kennel “Van de Sabatchnaja Izba”

By Jo Heller

Translated from “Der Windhundfreund” by Jean Vandongen, August 1976

When I was still living in England I had already heard about Mr. H. van Erp in Holland and his ‘real Russians’. The name Van de Sabatchnaja Izba is known all over the continent. Now, as I live in Holland, when I get Borzoi visitors – and that happens often – this name is always on the top of my list for a MUST visit.

So, I am very pleased to tell you a little about this Borzoi breeder. This year the Sabatchnaja Izba kennel has its 20th Anniversary, although it has existed long before that. We can still find this kennel at Vliertsesteeg 10, Hertogenbosch, Holland.

Twenty years is a long time, but it is very important to keep in mind that this kennel really does not breed very often, but when they do, they produce quality. The excellent dogs that are bred here are wanted everywhere! Requests from serious lovers of the breed from all over are higher than the amount of young dogs they have at hand.

Kumir

The bloodlines of this kennel have been selected very carefully, and originate from the old Dutch Krasnoje Selo and Vredewold lines. It is the ONLY Dutch kennel who directly imported several excellent Russian Borzoi to breed into their line. In 1960, Mr. van Erp succeeded to import two males, brother Kumir and Kretchet, both white with black, and also the lovely self beige bitch Wolga, directly from Russia.

The powerful Kumir and the quality blonde bitch Petrushka van Lewanoff had an excellent litter [containing] Sokol, Sirotka, Strela and Sorva van de Sabatchnaja Izba. This litter contributed much to the general quality of the breed here.

sorva

Sorva was bred at a later date to Vorenoff Beau Geste, an English import owned by Mrs. J. Heller. From this litter came Inuschka van de Sabatchnaja Izba, better known as ‘Dropje’. Dropje is built the same way as her Russian grandsire, Kumir, has the same intelligence, and is, like Kumir, a very special Borzoi.  She is the dam of World Winner Vorenoff Kismet Tolkaia.

Inushka

The sire of Sorva’s second litter was Russian import Kretchet, and two Borzoi from this litter – Almas and Alenka – are in Switzerland.

At the moment Mr. van Erp has some other interesting Russian imports, a male and female, both black, and the lovely white and black male Yasha, who is a powerful wolf hunter and who deserves to be called Borzoi. This year Yasha will sire puppies, all who are already spoken for in and outside of this country.

The Borzoi kennel Van de Sabatchnaja Izba does not flood the world with numerous young dogs; however, it is known and valued for its quality, and this extremely valuable blood is very important and beneficial to the breed. We wish you success with the Yasha offspring.

D.M. Dudley’s Ukrainia Borzoi

By Sue E.A. Vasick

 

[originally published in the Spring, 1992 issue of Borzoi International magazine] All Rights Reserved.

 

In England, Dorothy Dudley’s interest in Borzoi began in the 1930’s and continued to her demise at a ripe old age. Her first Borzoi were bitches, these being Iza, Zwogezdi and Zwogezdi’s dam, Icy Lass.

Zwogezdi was whelped November 13, 1936 and was sired by Cossack Carzoff, bred by the Tyrells who had moved to Canada. She was 11-1/2 months old when she went to live with Miss Dudley, and had had distemper as a puppy, resulting in a high strung nature. Unfortunately, Zwogezdi’s nature was to be the death of her, as she escaped from Miss Dudley one day and died of exposure. Miss Dudley was understandably very distraught over this incident and it took her many years to recover from the tragedy.

Sympathizing with her loss when they returned to England, the Tyrells hoped to fill the void Zwogezdi left by presenting Dorothy with her dam, Icy Lass. At the time Icy was too old to present anymore litters, but she gave Dorothy two very good years of love and companionship until she died two months after her 10th birthday on August 16, 1939. Icy had a wonderful temperament and pedigree, being a granddaughter of Nora of Shay; she had belonged to Ernest Guy for two years, presenting him with a litter sired by Russet of Llanfair, then two subsequent litters by Ch. Felstead before going to live with the Tyrells.

Miss Dudley’s next bitch was named Iza, a half-Barnaigh bred bitch officially registered as Isinglass. She cost four pounds at 11-1/2 weeks of age, which was quite a tidy sum in those days!  Dorothy described her as an orange marked white by Bedinovitch of Barnaigh ex Patricia of St. Dulthus. She also described her as being very straight in the shoulder, having a Roman head and being undershot, so no one could accuse Dorothy of being kennel blind!

igor and marnova

Dorothy adored Iza, but bad times fell upon her, as well. At the time, Dorothy was living at home with her parents, and her father did not like the dogs – particularly Iza – or understand her love for them. When she brought home another bitch – Marnova of Mantavani [Vasstri of Mantavani ex Marika of Mantavani] – in March 1944, things got rather difficult around the Dudley household. Then in 1946, Dorothy brought home the white and red Igor of Moskowa [Moryak of Moskowa ex Verba of Moskowa]; Dorothy’s father put his foot down —- Iza had to go!

Iza went to what Dorothy felt was a nice family, but the people didn’t understand what Borzoi temperament was truly like and the poor bitch’s life became a living hell. Dorothy managed to get her back, but her father wouldn’t allow Iza to stay and ordered Dorothy to destroy her. Although Dorothy obeyed her father, she never forgave him, and never stopped crying for what she did to her bitch.

As time went on, Miss Dudley’s personal life sorted itself out as she got a job at a hospital in March 1949 and worked there until August of 1967. She was able to finally breed her first litter of Ukrainia Borzoi; this was, of course, Igor to Marnova. This breeding produced a bitch named Zinnia of Ukrainia, who was eventually shown but never made up, as Miss Dudley was often a bit short of money and had limited holiday time from her job. Because of that, Zinnia only attended some local open shows and two championship shows.

Zinnia

Dorothy described Zinnia as being a big bitch weighing 67 pounds at 15 months of age, and having a 34” brisket in her old age. She also said that Zinnia was white and red-gold, a bit flat in topline, straight in shoulder, and quick with a wonderful Borzoi smile.

In 1951, Zinnia was bred to the well known red sable and white Ch. Ivanoff of Rydens, producing a litter of 3 dogs, 7 bitches on December 8th. Of these ten, seven survived – 2 dogs and 5 bitches – and Dorothy particularly liked a bitch she named Cassia of Ukrainia, who was white with red head markings and patches on her sides. Cassia remained at Ukrainia.

She was bred to the well known red on white dog, Gay Cavalier of Yadasar, having a litter on October 30,1953, with the pups named Falcon, Fedro, Felix, Flamingo, Fieldfare, Flying Fox [all males] and Fressia. This was a tragic litter as within two months time they all contracted hardpad disease, and it was a fight to save any of them. Falcon was first to get sick and die. All the rest were then immunized with ‘anti-hardpad serum’, whereupon Flamingo got sick and put to rest on the 26th of December, as he had gone blind with meningitis. The remainder of the males also got sick but were saved, according to Dorothy, by Herb Royal Garlic capsules!

Fressia, the only bitch in this litter, was exposed to the disease but never got ill, so wasn’t even inoculated; she never did get sick. She was a spotted tri bitch of lovely type, beautiful head and nice angles, and did her share of winning at the few shows she was at. As a brood bitch, she was bred several times. Her litter with Zahedi of Carradale produced 2 dogs and 4 bitches, only to have the pups all die within their first week due to Freesia developing eclampsia. She was re-bred, but for some reason killed all her pups.  Finally, though, Freesia was able to continue on the line when bred to Horst of Woodcourt, with the litter born in March 1956. This produced Verbena of Ukrainia.

Freesia

Zahedi of Carradale was used again in hopes of incorporating his blood into the kennel, this time being bred to Verbena. A healthy litter was born April 3, 1961, and Henna of Ukrainia was retained.

These were the original foundations of the Ukrania Borzoi, nice animals by general standards of the time, certainly fraught with tragedy and hard times, but well brought on nonetheless. However, for some reason, which Miss Dudley did not relay to me, these lines were never bred on. Maybe it was the economy and just hard times, but whatever happened, the Ukrainia breeding program switched over to a spotted tri bitch named Tremis of Rega.

Trenis

Tremis was sired by Jester of Fortrouge out of Rega’s Sapphire of Bobrowski, born June 26, 1960. This bitch was bred in 1962 to Natarka of Fortrouge and whelped her litter on September 4th. From this came Boris and Bistri of Ukrainia. Bistri was red and white in color, and her brother Boris colored like his dam; it was Boris who carried on the Ukrainia banner in both Great Britain and America.

Boris was bred to a bitch that Miss Dudley had purchased named Wendylou of Yadasar [Ch. Sabre of Yadasar ex Ch. Iliad of Woodcourt] which resulted in the Ukrania “L” litter, whelped May 2, 1966. From this litter came a spotted tri bitch named Lobelia of Ukrainia [who eventually was bred to Sorvan of Fortrouge to produce Xia of Ukrania] and her litter brother, Lasky of Ukrainia.

Lasky of U

It is Lasky who came to America at 12 weeks of age, and it is Lasky who was able to be found behind a number of American breeding programs throughout the years.He was only used at stud three times, but Lasky was the sire of Elain-Ward’s Calico Patches, Sunbarr’s Sascha of Tyara Tam, Nightsong Eurydice and others, all who figured in American pedigrees. Sadly, Dorothy lost contact with Donald Robb, owner of Lasky, and never knew what became of him. She was quite upset about that.

To go back to Ukrainia, Miss Dudley tried breeding Lobelia’s daughter, Xia, to American import Sunbarr Invader of Fortrouge, but Xia lost the pup and was never again bred. Another litter bred at Ukrainia was a bitch named Iskra of Ukrainia, who was mated to the famous Ch. Zomahli Harorshyi, from which Miss Dudley retained a gold sable and white male named Gordey of Ukrainia.

This pretty much rounds out the breeding program at Ukrainia, although certainly not the end of Dorothy Dudley’s love for the breed nor of Borzoi at her establishment. She was not getting any younger and felt that it was no longer

Charmaine

wise to breed. When I “met” Dorothy through abundant correspondence, she still owned a white, black and cream colored bitch named Shelbor Charmaine [Greenhaven Buccaneer ex Keeper’s Shelbor Desirable], who spent many good years with her. Dorothy mentioned that Charmaine reminded her so much of her old line of Ukrainia dogs and was more precious to her for that reason.

The last Borzoi to ever grace the home of Miss Dudley was Fortrouge Myra, who remained with her for some time until it became too difficult for her to maintain her own home. Dorothy had to return Myra to her breeder, Miss Betty Murray, then sold her long time home,  and moved herself into a well maintained nursing home. Myra  produced two litters at Fortrouge, and Dorothy Dudley spent her latter years content where she was, still talking to Borzoi folks, and occasionally attending a dog show. Although Miss Dudley’s Ukrainia dogs did not make a lasting mark on the breed the way so many others had, there is no doubt that her love and dedication for her dogs helped to produce some very fine Borzoi during the kennel’s existence. Dorothy is no longer with us, but her friends remember her well for her genuine appreciation of a good Borzoi.

[This article has been revised to reflect current times, and modified to simplify some details]

 

Vera Amelung , en Gudinna?

Gudinna Vera

15 juni 2012 10:33 av Julia Svintsova

Vackra och graciösa, både Vera och Vinthundar

Det närmade sig slutet av 1800-talet. I November 1896 i den gamla herrgården Krasavka Atkarsk som låg i landskapet Lysogorskaya i Saratovprovinsen, föddes det en baby. Förhoppningarna var kanske att det skulle bli en modig sjöman – då både far och farfar, liksom bland de allra flesta släktingar på moderns sida, med namnet Mola -återfanns flera både viceamiraler och amiraler.

Men det förhöll sig nu så, att denna älskade baby var … en flicka, Vera Konstatinovna.

Och eftersom de kallade barnet Vera, och ödet förberedde sig för henne som en gåva, är förväntningarna att hon ska förbli vid eldstaden och där föra familjen vidare som barnaföderska.

Och så skulle det kanske blivit, om inte för tre omständigheter; hennes heta blod, tidens anda och gudföräldrarna.

Blodet i henne var varmt och brinnande – en blandning av det spanska – Mola och det tyska – Amelung och Eberhardt.

Tiden var turbulent, stora omvälvningar kom till landet – revolutionen, krig och repression, som gjorde att hennes faders hus kollapsade, rikedomar försvann och flera av hennes nära och kära gick också förlorade.

 

Mata haren. Bild på Vera Amelung

Harfångst. Bild av Vera Amelung

 

Hennes fadder, Mikhail Shidlovsky som, tillsammans med faster Maria Pavlovna Molas, bistod henne med mycket hjälp under uppväxten var en extraordinär man, I samma ålder som hennes far, var han i början på en marin karriär  och även delägare i en rysk-baltisk bilfabrik, med intressen också i den ryska flygindustrin.

Han var en intelligent och orädd man med enastående organisatoriska förmågor, och inte rädd att ta risker.  Han förutsåg vikten av en rysk flygindustri och bidrog till detta med all sin kraft. Han finansierade Igor Sikorsky, den ryska flygindustrins fader.

1914 blev Shidlovsky utsedd till befälhavare för en eskader av stridsflygplan och blev den första ryska flyggeneralen. Han skapade ett ryskt flygvapen som manifesterade sig under första världskriget. När den provisoriska regeringen tillsattes avsattes han för “inkompetens”  och 1918 när hans familj försöker fly över gränsen till finska karelen sköts hans 18-årige son av de “Röda”

Kanske var hans sinne, mod, och driften att söka spänning, förmågan att göra allt helhjärtat överfört till guddottern.

Beta av en varg. Bild på Vera Amelung

Jakt på varg. Bild av Vera Amelung.

 

Om hennes barn- och ungdom kan man bara gissa. Troligen var det en normal och glad uppväxt, omgiven av föräldrar, sjömän och många systrar, många faster och farbröder, med de äldstes för tiden vanliga passion för jakten.

I Riga tog hon examen från ett privat gymnasium under den framstående läraren i Nikolaevna Lishina. Hon gav Vera undervisning i ryska språket, litteratur, historia, franska och teckning. Kort sagt, Vera utbildades till en sann humanist.

Vera hade stor konstnärlig talang,1918 blev hon antagen till Moscow Stroganov Art College. Vera studerade fram till 1924 på egen bekostnad – hon arbetade samtidigt deltid på Bolshois judiska barnteater, där hon senare fick fast anställning som kostymdesigner.

Ett dokument om Vera återfanns på Bolshoi Teatern, ett frågeformulär ifyllt av henne 1933. Dokumentet innehöll information om tillfälliga arbeten – betyg från ett arbete i Osoaviakhim som instruktör inom officiell hunduppfödning.  Hon är även student på arkitekturkurser i Petrograd. Under en perioden studerade hon också under konstnären Piotr Kelin.

Hon var alltid en bra ryttare

Vera var under hela sitt liv en

passionerad ryttare               

På Internet kam man läsa om Piotr Kelin att ” bland hans många elever återfanns  B.V. Johanson, A.D. och PD. Korin, V.V. Majakovsky, D.S. Moore.  Vera; “Jag var lycklig nog att vara elev hos den underbare läraren och konstnären Piotr Kelin.”

I hennes skrifter berättar hon om fadern som dog 1928 i Revel och även om sina många systrar i Moskva, Bashkiria och även i Lyon och Toulouse.En av dem hade gift sig med en officer i det Vita Gardet, och en andra – von Garder – emigrerade också med sin man.  Det berättas också om hästar och kor ägda av hennes föräldrar, om den ortodoxa religionen, som emellertid inte Vera känner igen sig i. Religionen hade ingen plats i kostymdesignerns arbete vid Bolshoi Theatern,och accepterades inte där

Det är konstigt för mig hur hon överlevde! Med ett sådant namn, med sådana släktingar och en sådan passion för livet. Det är obegripligt!

 

Album av Vera Konstantinovna Amelung

Album av Vera Konstantinovna Amelung

Vera deltog i den första utställningen arrangerad av Moskvas Association of Decorators 1929. I referensböckerna är hon listad som artist-dekoratör och artist-animalist. Så återspeglingen av hennes älskade djur och natur har blivit ett yrke.

Jag vet inte vem som var med henne under dessa oroliga åren, som hjälpte till och som stöttade den unga kvinnan. Jag vet att hennes far Konstantin Yulievich Amelung bodde i Estland, där han dog 1928. Mor, Helena Narcissa Henrietta Anna Molas, dog 1935 i Ryssland.  Brodern, Vladimir, 28, dödades 1918. Hans små söner befann sig i Baltikum. Kusinen Boris Amelung dog under inbördeskriget när han utförde kuriruppgifter. Syssling Boris Molas, chef för sekretariatet, Vetenskapsakademien i Sovjetunionen och som gjorde ett bidrag till bevarandet av Unionens kulturella rikedom blev arresterad, sänt i exil och avrättad i 1937

Efterföljande av hennes älskade Karaya - - sidan i släktforskningen om de ryska vinthundarna

Valpar från hennes älskade Karaya – från stamtavlesidan om de ryska vinthundarna

Gatchina och  Perchino, hade tillsammans flera hundra renrasiga hundar. De flesta såldes utomlands innan revolutionen för stora summor.

För den Bolsjevikiska regeringen betraktades borzoin som en skamlig relik från det förflutna.

När det kom fram att det kunde vara mycket lönsamt och ha ett kommersiellt värde, ändrades attityden och det började bildas klubbar och föreningar. Borzoi älskare,”Borzyatniks” kunde träffa samma engagerade, fanatiska personer som de var själva. Vera Konstantinovna Amelung var en av dessa!

Ett mirakel av en hund!

Ett mirakel till hund!

Hon bodde i centrala Moskva, på Gogol Boulevard, hon höll flera vinthundar. Och hon lärde sig, jagade mycket med dem och bedrev uppfödning. Hon deltog i tävlingar och hon var engagerad i Borzoisektionen i Moskva som sekreterare. 

 

Där är hon, Arbuns svan!

Där är hon, Arbuns Svan!

Även som äldre dam, var hon en duktig ryttare som flög fram i full fart … Flög som gudinnan Artemis! 

Jag vet aldrig vad hon kände när kriget började. Förutom den allmänna oron och rädslan, tyngde nog hundarnas öde henne. Djuren är stora och behöver mycket mat. Hon kunde behålla dem i Moskva. Att deras arvsmassa bevarades till glädje och nytta för eftervärlden var hennes men också i stor grad Mikhail Gromovs förtjänst.(Länk!)

Gromov var en av SovjetUnionens hjältar. Han var flygare med förbindelser på alla nivåer. Han var också ordförande i Borzoisektionen i Moskvas jakthundsförening. Med hans hjälp och de extra ransoner han kunde skaffa, kunde många borzoi överleva kriget. Gromov var själv borzoiälskare, han hämtade hem hundar från Tyskland som fick stor betydelse för restaureringen av rasen i Sovjet och senare i Ryssland.

Vera Amelung var sekreterare och Mikhail Gromov ordförande i sektionen. Han uttalade att han satte hennes kunskap mycket högt, “hon förstod hundar bättre än någon annan”.

På uppsättningen av filmen

Från uppsättningen av filmen “War and Peace”

Hennes sista hundar var Argun och Terzai, mor och son. De krävde alla inkomster och krafter men ibland kunde hennes älskade hundar fortfarande bidra till sin ägares uppehälle. Det hände när Vera Konstantinovna blev inbjuden att delta i filmen “War and Peace” av Sergei Bondarchuk. Och även när hundarnas deltagande var över, fortsatte regissören som älskade dem att mata ”aktörerna”. Också under inspelningen av “Anna Karenina” var de med, de älskade att gå med den magnifika Maja Plisetskaja!

Under efterkrigsåren var Vera Amelung den permanenta sekreteraren för Borzoisektionen. Hon ansvarade för stamtavleböckerna.  Det återfanns fyra album med prydligt klistrade och signerade bilder, med stamtavlor och diagram. De digitaliserades nyligen av Tamara Lyazgina och gjordes till gemensam egendom på Internet tack vare henne! På grund av detta ser jag en tydligare bild, som senare tiders släktforskare sällan kan förvänta sig.

Vera: “Som liten ville jag verkligen ha en hund, men min far riktade mina barndoms önskningar till lång teoretisk träning. Jag hade fem eller sex album med urklipp från tidningar, med artiklar om träningen av en valp, jag skrev av sällsynta böcker med min barnsliga handstil, snyggt ordnade för att noggrant fyllas i under åren. Jag slutar inte att bli överraskad av dessa ringar av gener, vi kommer alla från vårt förflutna och vi kommer att ge detta till framtiden”.

Olga Velchinskaya berättade om möten med Vera Konstantinovna. Hon kom till henne när hon var allvarligt sjuk, hennes son och Amelung var bekanta. “Intrycket av den person som mötte mig, med sin mångfald av kompetens, inom så många områden var omöjlig att glömma”. Allt som hon förutspådde blev exakt uppfyllt. I den här beskrivningen finns hennes porträtt av dessa tider och flera är viktiga för att förstå hennes karaktär och sätt att leva.

Olga: Hon var sjuk men fortfarande stark och rörlig. Det fanns väldigt få saker i hennes källarrum. Men i den antika fåtöljen under imperieklockan låg, ömtålig och elegant som en svan, en rosa-vit skönhet, Argun. Författaren berättar grannar kommer och lämnar Vera en skål med surkål. Detina – en pojke från det här området där alla kände Amelung, där de älskade henne och hennes vackra hundar. Även efter att de blivit vuxna fortsatte de att hjälpa henne. De antika klockorna slog också för barnen, de visste vad som passade gudinnan. Hundar och barn – deras kärlek är den mest uppriktiga, den mest trogna. De värmer upp hjärtat och dekorerar livet!

Det fanns en hel grupp kvinnor som var allvarligt engagerade i vinthundar. En av dem, Eugenia Dezor, hittade två borzoi från Tsarens kennel i Leningrad zoo och kunde skickligt använda dem i avel. Hon arbetade hårt för att för att återuppliva den ryska borzoin. Hon greps och skickades till Saratovregionen. 

Vera: Jag kunde ta ut fem av mina hundar från Saratov, och Eugenia Dezors ansträngningar där var med och skapade en kennel för borzoi och jakthundar (Saratov). På sin fritid skrev hon poesi. Deras linjer ljuder till mig i Vera Konstantinovnas röst.

Eugenia Dezor:

Jag spenderar dagar och nätter med dem:

Långt från alla – utan dem är jag ensam.
Ibland värker mitt hjärta,
och bara i mina hundar ser jag glädje.

Jag kommer hem – de möter mig,
jag ska gå – de väntar lydigt …
Och de vet verkligen allt,
de känner och de inser.

Vi förstår varandra perfekt,
och jag pratar med dem, som med människor,
vi leker tillsammans och går tillsammans,
och vi spenderar kvällarna och dagarna.

Vi delar skydd och mat.

Vi går ut

på steppen i mörkrets gryning.

Jag älskar mina borzoi. Det finns ingen renare kärlek
och det finns inga vackrare hundar på jorden.

 

Alltid med dem

Alltid med dem

Livet måste gå vidare, det fanns kommunala lägenheter i centrala Moskva. Nya bosättare gick till Chertanovo. Vera Konstantinovna fick också en liten lägenhet där.  Men, som Olga Velchinskaya skriver,  “hon kunde inte längre ha sina hundar hos sig. ” hon blev gammal och sjuk, nu var hon skild från vänner och gamla grannar. År 1972 var hon för sista gången på Rysslandsutställningen för jakthundar. Argun och Terzai hade lämnats till tillförlitliga vänner. Hon dog mycket snart därefter i sin enrumslägenhet. “.

Jag tror, ​​att nu, till slut blev hon ensam, nu när den våta näsan inte längre rörde vid hennes gamla hand, och det inte fanns någon som såg på henne med oändlig kärlek, som såg henne som deras riktiga gudinna.  

Jag tittar på mitt enorma släktträd. Vi har gemensam farfar, en spegel fabrikör, Anton Christoph Amelung. Farfars far, Carl Philip Amelung bedrev affärer och spelade schack med Potemkin. Anna Edvardina, min mormors mor, var Carl Philips syster. Helt enkelt till slut, Vera Konstantinovna blev min mormor!

 

När jag är tillbaka i Moskva, hittar jag hennes hus, jag går igenom Gogol Boulevard. Och plötsligt blåser det up en vind och förbi flyger gudinnan med sina borzoi!

Det är en syn som inte alla kan se – min mormor flyger fort …

 

The Borzoi Encyclopedia: Redaktörens efterskrift, Vera Amelungs inverkan på borzoi var kanske inte i första hand genom sin uppfödning även om den också hade betydelse. Hennes verksamhet i Borzoisektionen i Moskva och som förebild är det som sitter fast minnet hos äldre personer. Hon skall alltid skall finnas med i historien bland annat i The Borzoi Encyclopedia!

Hennes hundars betydelse, som sträcker sig fram till våra dagar kanske kan illustreras av följande bild:

Argun

Foto från albumen i arkivet av Nina Georgievna Kudryavtseva. Digitaliserad av Tamara Lyazgina

 

 

 

 

Borzoi in Russia from 1920 to 1980. Galina Zotova.

Galina Viktorovna Zotova on Russian borzoi after the revolution.

horse

This is an interpretation of Madam Zotova’s letter regarding borzoi in Russia, from about 1920 to about 1980. She had strong opinions, was outspoken, in some cases even controversial.

In a time when knowledge of the borzoi in Russia and the Sovjet Union was limited, was Galina Zotova allowed to travel abroad and tell borzoi enthusiasts in the west that borzoi still existed in it’s motherland.

Some additions have been made, like adding names known in the west and Marina Orlova’s pictures.

Zotova_1

After the October revolution, and the following civil war, breeding of dogs, especially the borzoi, discontinued and in many cases, if not all, the well known kennels were destroyed. Many dogs were sold abroad or went with invaders. Few borzoi stayed and most often were far from the best.

In the first post-revolutionary exhibitions, very few Borzois was exhibited and the majority was of unknown origin.

In 1923, at the first exhibition. 12 borzoi was shown, but only 4 deserved attention. The grandson of one, a “little interesting males”, Rogdai (Bardukova), was later widely used in the breed.

In 1926 the borzoi section of the Canine society was formed in Leningrad. At the exhibition the same year there was already 23. dogs shown, but not all high level.

Borzoi enthusiasts, like Nina Korff-Sumarokova and Nikolai Tchelichev did all they could to persuade the government and the state to recognize the pure bred borzoi as a hunting dog

In 1927, 27 dogs was shown at the exhibition. Of these was only 9 of unknown origin.

The number increased, but quality in the borzois was still not sufficient..

Of 21 dogs exhibited In 1931 was all of known origin. Exterior had improved and quality was better but performance was not tested. The owners had concentrated on improving the exterior.

Zotova_4

In 1936, the Moscow Council of physical education and sport lovers, managed to unite borzoi breeders/owners in a partition to allow amateur-hunters going into the fields. The same year the first post-revolutionary trials on live game in the field was held under the expert for all-Union, Vsevolod Mamontov!

In the pre-war years in Moscow Komarova purchased from Kuibyshev, Kidai (Komorova). He became a major producer in the first postwar years. He had a good head, not long, but dry, shhipcom rule in the ring, bright eye. His grandson Gyaur (Mikhailova). occurs in many pedigrees.

From the end of 1939 to 1944 the number of borzoi in Moscow was very low. At the exhibition In 1941 was only 5 dogs shown.

Galina

After the great patriotic war began the restoration of the strength and quality of the borzoi. there was an increased demand for them among the hunters.

In 1946 Femina Quick Molodjesz was brought in from Germany by General Gromov. She was a well constructed bitch with Asmodei Perchino appearing several times in her pedigree.. Unfortunately, she only produced three sons, Gordyi, Derzai and Chaus. The two first can still be found in modern pedigrees. Chaus did not leave offspring.

In 1949, Hermelin von der Alck was purchased in from Germany. He was renamed in Russia to Oriel I 94/b. Even he was a descendant of Asmodei Perchino. Hermelin had a great influence on quality on the breed. He gave a lot of correct descendants. Moderate inbreeding on him gave borzoi with good qualities in the field. His influence in the breed transferred through the Nevezhin hunt and the two daughters Plutovka ( Zotova) and Purga (Amelung).

Borzois

Quality in borzoi was getting better. Since 1952 yearly field trials was arranged with good influence on the breed.

In 1962 Amur von der Kaiserpfalz was imported from the GDR by V L Kolpakova. During his short career he sired a number of litters with very good result.

The Borzoi section, despite difficulties, payed much attention to field work and soundness in the breed.

Desor

In 1965 the “Elite class” was introduced. The first to be appointed was  Golubka (Koblov).

in 1967 from 36 registered dogs — 25 litters, 3 of them won access to the  “Elite class”. This was good news, but new blood was not often available which resulted in repeated inbreeding.

Hunt

In 1972 Grifo der Karolinger von Wienerwald was imported from Czechoslovakia and sired 16 litters. He was far from perfect but his progeny was of similar type and often better than himself.

Field work with borzois has its own complications: a very short test period of an average of only 2 months in autumn, after harvesting and under favorable weather conditions.

Hunt

Sometime in fall, before frost and snow, it has only been possible to arrange one or two trials, and yet the number of participating dogs grew from year to year. At the 50-year anniversary exhibition in 1978, 58 borzoi was entered!

Barynia de Norois was Imported from Switzerland in 1975. She possessed uncommon speed and greed to the beast. Many of the descendants inherited her exterior and quality in the field. Of her 12 children-5 won the title of “champion”.

Zotova_5

In 1978, Burkhan de Kuskovo was imported, also from Switzerland.and from France came, Oskal de Petit.

Burkhan de Kuskovo gave beautiful, characteristic heads, but many of his descendants inherited limbs. The best of his descendants and successors was Lezgin (Gabidzashvivli), as well as Lebedka and Boyarynia (Shepeshevski).

Oskal de Petit did not possess high exterior, but had good field qualities. The offspring was not significant in number, but exterior much better than himself and with good field qualities.

Fetiysz von Smetanka was imported in 1982. His descendants possessed beautiful, dry heads, but some have “clarified?” eye color.

Valdai du Grand Venuer produced a pair of Chapion descendants, Daryal (Kovalev) and Buyan (Kovalev).

In 1985 Eick’s Kretchet was imported from Germany. He was widely used and left offspring still to be found in a great number of pedigrees. Even a sister, Eick’s Kenitschka was imported and produced two litters without significant impact.

galina

The number of registered grows. In one year 293.

In recent years, many owners of borzoi, in spite of great difficulties, travel to other areas to show and to hunt.

From 1978 to 1993 the borzoi section had 20 champions. 1197/BP Tarkhan, Sarmat 1236/BP, Oskal de Petit 1378/BP, Lezgins 1411/BP, Merlin 1521/BP Blistaj, 1558, Fetish von Smetanka 1451/BP Daryal, 1620/BP, Arkan-Aero 1640/BP, Uragan de Norois 1630/BP, Nice 1198/BP, Barynia de Norois 1275/BP, Skazka 1262/BP Buyan, 1351, 1352 Bagrjana/BP/BP, Berezka 1350/BP, Kasatka 1523/BP, Marisha 1536/BP, Melissa 1455/BP, Vjushka, Plutovka.

From 1964 to 1992 in the all tribal hunting book 400 borzoi was registered.

Galina Zotova

Pictures from Marina Orlova’s collection.

Zotova in Macon